A driveway (also called drive in UK English) is a type of private road for local access to one or a small group of structures, and is owned and maintained by an individual or group. Driveways rarely have traffic lights, but some that bear heavy traffic, especially those leading to commercial businesses and parks, do. Driveways may be decorative in ways that public roads cannot, because of their lighter traffic and the willingness of owners to invest in their construction. Driveways are not resurfaced, snow blown or otherwise maintained by governments. They are generally designed to conform to the architecture of connected houses or other buildings. Some of the materials that can be used for driveways include concrete, decorative brick, cobblestone, block paving, asphalt, gravel, decomposed granite, and surrounded with grass or other ground-cover plants.Driveways are commonly used as paths to private garages, carports, or houses. On large estates, a driveway may be the road that leads to the house from the public road, possibly with a gate in between. Some driveways divide to serve different homeowners. A driveway may also refer to a small apron of pavement in front of a garage with a curb cut in the sidewalk, sometimes too short to accommodate a car.Often, either by choice or to conform with local regulations, cars are parked in driveways in order to leave streets clear for traffic. Moreover, some jurisdictions prohibit parking or leaving standing any motor vehicle upon any residential lawn area (defined as the property from the front of a residential house, condominium, or cooperative to the street line other than a driveway, walkway, concrete or blacktopped surface parking space).Residential driveways are also used for such things as garage sales, automobile washing and repair, and recreation, notably (in North America) for basketball practice.Another form of driveway is a ‘Run-Up’, or short piece of land used usually at the front of the property to park a vehicle on.
Which is cheaper, concrete or asphalt?
Ignoring any maintenance costs, asphalt is generally much cheaper to install than concrete. On average, the cost per square meter for asphalt will run between $20 to $40. Fluctuations in crude oil prices can cause fluctuations in asphalt prices but the price will remain around this range.
How much does an asphalt residential driveway cost?
The average cost of a concrete driveway, by comparison, is almost $7,400. Other sources such as CostHelper estimate the cost to install an asphalt driveway to be between $2,300 and $10,300. Homeowners typically pay per square meter. The average cost per square meter is between $20 and $40.
How long does asphalt last?
Asphalt driveways typically last 12 to 20 years, depending on the quality of the installation, the climate, the usage they get, and how well they have been maintained. Like most everything else, the better care you take of your asphalt driveway, the longer it will remain in service.
How thick should the asphalt be for a driveway?
In many cases a 100 mm thickness may be adequate, but 125 to 150 mm of full-depth asphalt will assure you of a stronger, stable driveway under a wider range of climate and loads. As an option, some contractors use 150 to 203 mm of compacted aggregate, or gravel, as a base for 75 mm of asphalt pavement.
Can you lay asphalt over concrete?
If the question is “CAN I lay asphalt over concrete?” then the answer is “Yes.” This is absolutely possible if elevations allow for it, and we’re happy to lay asphalt over concrete if that’s what you want. It’s also the cheaper option, since heavy equipment is required to dig up an existing concrete slab.
How long does asphalt take to dry?
For a new asphalt surface, you should wait one or two days to walk or drive on it (depending on how hot the weather is). For resurfaced driveways and parking lots, you should wait two to six hours (depending on the weather) before walking or driving on them.
How do you repair an asphalt driveway?
To repair and seal an asphalt driveway:
- Edge the driveway and remove any grass or dirt.
- Make sure it’s draining properly so rainwater doesn’t pool on the driveway.
- Clean the surface and any cracks with pressure washer.
- Use stiff broom to remove any remaining dirt or debris.
- Allow asphalt surface to dry.
Another relatively easy option to install with lower costs compared to some of the other options named here. Asphalt tends to remain cheaper than concrete regardless of whether you go for basic asphalt or asphalt stamped into shapes like bricks or stones.
Another important property of asphalt is that you can almost immediately drive on it after it’s completely installed. It’s highly weather-resistant, too, expanding and contracting in the heat and cold without issue.
Compared to concrete, at least, asphalt does require a little more maintenance. Cracks and holes can easily be filled, but you have to do it a little more often.
Compared to concrete, it’s longevity is a little lower. While concrete will last 30 years with proper care, asphalt tends to live around 20 years instead.
Asphalt may not have the aesthetic appeal of concrete but if you have a larger driveway, it is one of the most cost-effective and quickly setting solutions out there.
Asphalt Driveway Construction Requirements:
- Asphalt driveways shall be paved with at least 38 mm of plant mixed asphalt.
- Asphalt driveway aprons in the Village right of way (parkway) shall be paved with at least 38 mm of plant mixed asphalt.
- All asphalt shall be placed over at least 100 mm of graded and compacted gravel base material. No pea gravel allowed as a base material for driveways.
- Surface water drainage may not be directed onto adjacent properties.
- The radius of the driveway at the intersection with the curb shall not exceed 2.15 m.
- Any apron being replaced for addresses located on State or County roads require an IDOT or CCHD permit.
- Any municipal property (parkway, street, curbs, sidewalk, etc.) damaged during construction shall be repaired and is subject to a one year maintenance period.
Measurements shall be noted on the submitted Site Plan (see diagrams at right and refer to notes below for example)
A. Width at lot line, for a minimum distance of 1.5 m.
- Maximum of 7.5 m is permitted.
B. Width at widest point.
- Maximum 9 m for a two-car garage or less
- Maximum 10 m for a three-car garage or greater
- Minimum width: 2.75 m
C. Side/Rear yard setback.
- 600 mm from the interior side or interior rear lot line, except when a driveway is shared between 2 adjacent properties.
D. Length of drive shall be noted on the site plan
- Completed application and copy of the signed contract. Apron work requires an IDOT or CCHD permit for addresses on State or County roads.
- Three copies of fully dimensioned plat of survey showing the proposed work and signed plat of survey accuracy affidavit form.
- This permit may require up to a 3 day plan review.
- The permit fee is $86.00. The permit is good for 90 days from the date of issuance.
- Contractors must be registered and bonded with the Village.